Basic Astronomy

Astronomical Calendar 2019


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January February March April May June July August September October November December

EventsDateDescription
January
NASA's New Horizon fly by Ultima Thule an object in Kuiper belt1st Jan 2019

NASA's New Horizon fly by Ultima Thule an object in Kuiper belt

Quadrantid meteor shower3-4 Jan 2019

Quadrantid meteor shower will be peaked on 3rd and 4th January but it will be visible on 1-5 January 2019. One can see upto 40 meteors per hour during peak. Meteors seems to radiate from the constellation Bootes, close to the North Star. In 1932, the Quadrantid meteor shower showed maximum activity with 80 meteors per hour.

Partial Solar Eclipse6th Jan 2019

This is the first solar eclipse of the year. Visible in Eastern Asia and Northern Pacific Ocean.

Venus at great western elongation6th Jan 2019

Venus at great western elongation.

First New Moon of the year6th Jan 2019

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 01:28 UTC.

Total Lunar Eclipse21st Jan 2019

First Lunar Eclipse in 2019 will be visible in most part of the world.

Full Moon and Super Moon21st Jan 2019

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 05:16 UTC.

Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter22nd Jan 2019

Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter

February
New Moon4th Feb 2019

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 21:03 UTC.

Full Moon, Super Moon19th Feb 2019

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 15:53 UTC. The Moon will be 30% brighter and 40% larger than usual.

Greatest elongation of Mercury27th Feb 2019

Greatest elongation of Mercury

March
New Moon6th Mar 2019

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 16:04 UTC.

March Equinox20th Mar 2019

The length of day and night is equal on March Equinox. This will happen at UTC 21:58.

Full Moon, Super Moon21st Mar 2019

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 01:42 UTC.

April
New Moon5th Apr 2019

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 08:50 UTC.

Mercury at greatest Western elongation11th Apr 2019

Mercury at greatest Western elongation.

Full Moon19th Apr 2019

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 11:12 UTC.

Lyrid meteor shower21-22 Apr 2019

Lyrid is a medium intensity meteor shower. It usually produces about 20 meteors per hour in its peak. The shower will peak on 21-22 April but some meteors will be visible between 16 to 25th April. Meteors seems to radiate from the constellation Lyra.

May
New Moon4th May 2019

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 22:45 UTC.

Eta Aquarid meteor shower5-6 May 2019

Eta Aquarid is a low intensity meteor shower. It usually produces about 10 meteors per hour in its peak. The shower will peak on 5-6 May. Meteors seems to radiate from the constellation Aquarius.

Full Moon, Blue Moon18th May 2019

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 21:11 UTC. A rare event that happends once after about three years.

June
New Moon3rd Jun 2019

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 10:01 UTC.

Jupiter at Opposition10th Jun 2019

Jupiter will be at its closest approach to Earth.

Full Moon17th Jun 2019

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 08:30 UTC.

June Solstice21st Jun 2019

The North Pole tilts towards Sun causing summer at Northern hemisphere.

July
Mercury at greatest Eastern elongation23rd Jun 2019

Mercury at greatest Eastern elongation.

July
Total Solar Eclipse2nd Jul 2019

Visible in Chile and Argentina.

New Moon2nd Jul 2019

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 19:16 UTC.

Saturn in Opposition9th Jul 2019

Saturn will be at its closest distance from Earth.

Partial Lunar Eclipse16th Jul 2019

Visible from most of the Europe, Africa, Central Asia and Indian Ocean.

Full Moon16th Jul 2019

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 21:38 UTC.

August
New Moon1st Aug 2019

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 03:12 UTC.

Mercury at greatest Western elongation9th Aug 2019

Mercury at greatest Western elongation

Perseid meteor shower12-13th Aug 2019

Perseids are one of the strong meteor showers. It produce up to 60 meteors per hour at peak hours. Radiant point of this shower is in the constellation Perseus. These meteors originate from the tail of comet Swift-Tuttle.

Full Moon15th Aug 2019

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 12:29 UTC.

New Moon30th Aug 2019

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 10:37 UTC.

September
Neptune at opposition9th Sep 2019

The blue gas planet will be at its closest distance from Earth.

Full Moon14th Sep 2017

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 04:33 UTC.

September Equinox23rd Sep 2019

Earth experience day and night of equal length.

New Moon28th Sep 2017

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 18:26 UTC.

October
Full Moon13th Oct 2017

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 21:08 UTC.

Mercury at greatest Eastern elongation20 Oct 2019

Mercury at greatest Eastern elongation.

Orionid meteor shower21-22 Oct 2019

Orionid is a medium intensity meteor shower and one can see about 25 meteors per hour.

Uranus at Opposition27th Oct 2017

The ice giant will be at its closest approach from Earth.

New Moon28th Oct 2017

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 03:38 UTC.

November
Transit of Mercury across the Sun11th Nov 2017

The planet Mercury will pass directly between the Sun and the Earth.

Full Moon12th Nov 2017

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 13:34 UTC.

Leonids meteor shower17-18th Nov 2019

Annual event of Leonid meteor shower can be seen on 16-17th November. Leonid meteor shower is visible towards the constellation Leo, the Lion. During Leonid meteor shower, Earth will pass through a stream of debris which is left behind by comet Tempel-Tuttle.

Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter24th Nov 2017

Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter.

New Moon26th Nov 2017

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 15:05 UTC.

Mercury at greatest Western elongation28th Nov 2017

Mercury at greatest Western elongation

December
Full Moon12 Dec 2017

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 15:12 UTC.

Geminids meteor shower13-14th Dec 2019

Geminids meteor shower is a strong meteor shower. Annual event of Geminids meteor shower take place on 13-14th December but some meteors will be visible between 6 to 19th December. For many observers, geminid is the best meteor shower. It can produce 60-80 meteors per hour at its peak.

December Solstice22 Dec 2019

The shortest day and longest night of the year.

Ursids meteor shower22-23 Dec 2019

Ursids meteor shower is a medium intensity meteor shower. Ursids meteor shower peaks on 22-23 December. It usually produces 5-10 meteors per hour but occasionally it can produce about 100 meteors per hour.

Annular Solar Eclipse26th Dec 2017

Moon will cover center of the Sun forming ring of fire.

New Moon26th Dec 2017

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 05:13 UTC.

Terminology

Aphelion: Farthest position of a planet from the Sun.

Perihelion: Closest position of a planet from the Sun.

Apogee: the position of the Moon farthest from Earth.

Perigee: the position of the Moon closest from Earth.

Superior Conjunction: Venus or Mercury is on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth.

Inferior Conjunction: Venus or Mercury is between the Earth and Sun.

Greatest elongation: elongation is the angle between the Sun and a planet as seen from Earth, during eastern elongation, the planet appears as an evening star, during western elongation, the planet appears as a morning star.

Opposition: position in the orbit of a planet when opposites the Sun as seen from Earth.

Conjunction: position in the orbit of a planet when appears closer to the Sun as seen from Earth.

Occultation: Moon occults or eclipses a planet or a star.

Full moon and New moon: 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020

Meteor shower calendar

Apogee and Perigee of moon: 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020

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