Basic Astronomy

Astronomical Calendar 2016


2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020

January February March April May June July August September October November December

EventsDateDescription
January
The Moon at Apogee2nd Jan 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth (404,279 km from Earth) at 11:53 UTC.

The Earth at Perihelion2nd Jan 2016

With 0.98330 AU distance from Sun, the Earth will be at closest distance from Sun (Perihelion) at 23 UTC.

Quadrantid meteor shower3-4 Jan 2016

Quadrantid meteor shower will be peaked on 3rd and 4th January but it will be visible on 1-5 January 2016. One can see upto 40 meteors per hour during peak. Meteors seems to radiate from the constellation Bootes, close to the North Star. In 1932, the Quadrantid meteor shower showed maximum activity with 80 meteors per hour.

The Mercury at Perihelion8th Jan 2016

With 0.98330 AU distance from Sun, the Earth will be at closest distance from Sun (Perihelion) at 17:34 UTC.

New Moon10th Jan 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 01:30 UTC.

Moon at the Perigee15th Jan 2016

Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth at UTC 02:11 (369,618 km from Earth).

Full Moon24th Jan 2016

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 01:46 UTC.

The Moon at Apogee30th Jan 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 09:11 (404,552 km from Earth).

February
New Moon8th Feb 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 14:39 UTC.

Moon at the Perigee11th Feb 2016

Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth at UTC 02:43 (364,357 km from Earth).

Full Moon22nd Feb 2016

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 18:20 UTC.

The Moon at Apogee27th Feb 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 03:29 (405,382 km from Earth).

March
Jupiter at Opposition8th Mar 2016

Jupiter will be at its closest distance from Earth and its face will be fully illuminated by the Sun. The red planet will be brighter than any other time of the year. This is the best time to view and photograph Jupiter and its moons. You can see some of the details in Jupiter's cloud bands with a good pair of binoculars or a medium-sized telescope. You will also be able to see Jupiter's four largest moons Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto appearing as bright dots on either side of the planet.

Total Solar eclipse8-9th Mar 2016

On 8/9th March 2016, a total solar eclipse will take place. The total solar eclipse will be visible from Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi and Pacific. One can see a Partial Solar Eclipse from east Asia, Australia and Pacific. The eclipse starts at 00:02 UTC and ends at 03:30 UTC.

New Moon9th Mar 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 01:53 UTC.

Moon at the Perigee10th Mar 2016

Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth at UTC 07:03 (359,508 km from Earth).

Full Moon23rd Mar 2016

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 12:02 UTC.

The Moon at Apogee25th Mar 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 14:17 (406,123 km from Earth).

Penumbral lunar eclipse23rd Mar 2016

A Penumbral lunar eclipse will take place on 23rd March 2016. This is the first of two lunar eclipses in 2016. The eclipse will be visible from Asia, Australia, Pacific and most of north America. The eclipse will begin at 9:40 UTC.

The duration of penumbral eclipse is 4 hour 15 minute 26 second.

April
Moon at the Perigee7th Apr 2016

Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth at UTC 17:37 (357,163 km from Earth).

New Moon7th Apr 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 11:24 UTC.

The Moon at Apogee21st Apr 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 16:06 (406,350 km from Earth).

Full Moon22nd Apr 2016

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 05:24 UTC.

Lyrid meteor shower21-22 Apr 2016

Lyrid is a medium intensity meteor shower. It usually produces about 20 meteors per hour in its peak. The shower will peak on 21-22 April but some meteors will be visible between 16 to 25th April. Meteors seems to radiate from the constellation Lyra.

May
Eta Aquarid meteor shower5-6 May 2016

Eta Aquarid is a low intensity meteor shower. It usually produces about 10 meteors per hour in its peak. The shower will peak on 5-6 May. Meteors seems to radiate from the constellation Aquarius.

Moon at the Perigee6th May 2016

Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth at UTC 04:15 (357,827 km from Earth).

New Moon6th May 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 19:29 UTC.

Transit of Mercury across the Sun9th May 2016On 9th May 2016, people from most part of the Earth can experience a rare celestial event. The planet Mercury will move directly between the Sun and the Earth. Viewers will watch Mercury (which will look like a dark spot) to move across the Sun.
International Astronomy Day14th May 201614th May is celebrated as International Astronomy day.
The Moon at Apogee18th May 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 22:07 (405,933 km from Earth).

Full Moon21st May 2016

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 21:14 UTC.

Mars at opposition22nd May 2016

June
Saturn at opposition2nd June 2016

Moon at the Perigee3rd Jun 2016

Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth at UTC 10:56 (361,141 km from Earth).

New Moon5th Jun 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 14:59 UTC.

The Moon at Apogee15th Jun 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 12:01 (405,021 km from Earth).

Full Moon20th Jun 2016

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 11:02 UTC.

June Solstice21st Jun 2016

The June solstice will take place at 16:38 UTC. This is the first day of summer (summer solstice) in the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of winter (winter solstice) in the Southern Hemisphere. The North Pole of the Earth will be tilted toward the Sun, which will have reached its northernmost position in the sky and will be directly over the Tropic of Cancer at 23.44 degrees north latitude.

July
New Moon4th Jul 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 11:01 UTC.

The Moon at Apogee13th Jul 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 05:25 (404,271 km from Earth).

Full Moon19th Jul 2016

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 22:57 UTC.

Moon at the Perigee27th Jul 2016

Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth at UTC 11:26 (369,658 km from Earth).

August
New Moon2nd Aug 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 20:44 UTC.

The Moon at Apogee10th Aug 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 00:06 (404,265 km from Earth).

Perseid meteor shower12-13th Aug 2016

Perseids are one of the strong meteor showers. It produce up to 60 meteors per hour at peak hours. Radiant point of this shower is in the constellation Perseus. These meteors originate from the tail of comet Swift-Tuttle.

Full Moon18th Aug 2016

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 09:27 UTC.

Moon at the Perigee22nd Aug 2016

Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth at UTC 01:22 (367,046 km from Earth).

September
Annular Solar Eclipse1st Sep 2016

On 1st September 2016, a annular solar eclipse will take place. The partial solar eclipse will be visible from Africa and Indian ocean. The annular eclipse will be visible from Atlantic, central Africa and Madagascar. The eclipse starts at 06:14 UTC and ends at 12:01 UTC.

New Moon1st Sep 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 09:03 UTC.

The Moon at Apogee6th Sep 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 18:45 (405,057 km from Earth).

Full Moon16th Sep 2016

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 19:05 UTC.

Penumbral Lunar Eclipse16th Sep 2016

A Penumbral lunar eclipse will take place on 16th September 2016. This is the second of two lunar eclipses in 2016. The duration of penumbral eclipse is 3 hour 59 minute 16 second.

Moon at the Perigee18th Sep 2016

Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth at UTC 17:01 (361,893 km from Earth).

October
New Moon1st Oct 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 00:12 UTC.

The Moon at Apogee4th Oct 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 11:03 (406,099 km from Earth).

Full Moon16th Oct 2016

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 04:23 UTC.

Moon at the Perigee16th Oct 2016

Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth at UTC 23:37 (357,859 km from Earth).

Orionid meteor shower21-22 Oct 2016

Orionid is a medium intensity meteor shower and one can see about 25 meteors per hour.

New Moon30th Oct 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 17:38 UTC.

The Moon at Apogee31st Oct 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 19:30 (406,659 km from Earth).

November
Full Moon14th Nov 2016

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 13:52 UTC.

Moon at the Perigee14th Nov 2016

Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth at UTC 11:24 (356,511 km from Earth).

Leonids meteor shower17-18th Nov 2016

Annual event of Leonid meteor shower can be seen on 16-17th November. Leonid meteor shower is visible towards the constellation Leo, the Lion. During Leonid meteor shower, Earth will pass through a stream of debris which is left behind by comet Tempel-Tuttle.

The Moon at Apogee27th Nov 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 20:09 (406,555 km from Earth).

New Moon29th Nov 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 12:58 UTC.

December
Moon at Perigee12th Dec 2016

Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth at UTC 23:28 (358,462 km from Earth).

Geminids meteor shower13-14th Dec 2016

Geminids meteor shower is a strong meteor shower. Annual event of Geminids meteor shower take place on 13-14th December but some meteors will be visible between 6 to 19th December. For many observers, geminid is the best meteor shower. It can produce 60-80 meteors per hour at its peak.

Full Moon14th Dec 2016

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 00:06 UTC.

Ursids meteor shower22-23 Dec 2016

Ursids meteor shower is a medium intensity meteor shower. Ursids meteor shower peaks on 22-23 December. It usually produces 5-10 meteors per hour but occasionally it can produce about 100 meteors per hour.

The Moon at Apogee25th Dec 2016

Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth at UTC 05:56 (405,869 km from Earth).

New Moon29th Dec 2016

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 06:53 UTC.

Terminology

Aphelion: Farthest position of a planet from the Sun.

Perihelion: Closest position of a planet from the Sun.

Apogee: the position of the Moon farthest from Earth.

Perigee: the position of the Moon closest from Earth.

Superior Conjunction: Venus or Mercury is on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth.

Inferior Conjunction: Venus or Mercury is between the Earth and Sun.

Greatest elongation: elongation is the angle between the Sun and a planet as seen from Earth, during eastern elongation, the planet appears as an evening star, during western elongation, the planet appears as a morning star.

Opposition: position in the orbit of a planet when opposites the Sun as seen from Earth.

Conjunction: position in the orbit of a planet when appears closer to the Sun as seen from Earth.

Occultation: Moon occults or eclipses a planet or a star.

Full moon and New moon: 2013 2014 2015 2016

Meteor shower calendar

Apogee and Perigee of moon: 2013 2014 2015 2016

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