Basic Astronomy

Astronomical Calendar 2014


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January February March April May June July August September October November December

EventsDateDescription
January
First Super Moon of 20141st Jan 2014

The first of the five supermoons of 2014 would be visible on 1st January 2014.

New Moon1st Jan 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 11:14 UTC.

Quadrantid meteor shower3-4 Jan 2014

Quadrantid meteor shower will be peaked on 3rd and 4th January but it will be visible on 1-5 January 2014. One can see upto 40 meteors per hour during peak. Meteors seems to radiate from the constellation Bootes, close to the North Star. In 1932, the Quadrantid meteor shower showed maximum activity with 80 meteors per hour.

Earth at Perihelion4th Jan 2014

Earth reaches Perihelion, the closest point to the Sun, at 12:00 UT at a distance of 147.1 million km from the Sun.

Jupiter at opposition5th Jan 2014Jupiter and Earth will be at their closest distance from one another. Jupiter will also be fully illuminated by the Sun and will shine at magnitude -2.7 making this the ideal time to observe Jupiter and its planets.

Venus reaches inferior conjunction between the Sun and the Earth11th Jan 2014Venus reaches inferior conjunction between the Sun and the Earth. Venus will shine at -4 mag.

Full Moon16th Jan 2014

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 04:52 UTC. This is the most distant full moon of 2014 and this one will be visually smallest full moon of 2014.

Rosetta wake-up from deep space hibernation to study comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko20th Jan 2014

European space agency will wake-up Rosetta spacecraft from deep space hibernation to study comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. This spacecraft was launched on 2004 and will reach close to the comet on August of this year.

The Moon occults Saturn25th Jan 2014

The Moon occults Saturn for the observers of south pacific at UT 13:58.

Super Moon30th Jan 2014

The second of the five supermoons of 2014 would be visible on 30th January 2014.

New Moon30th Jan 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 21:38 UTC.

Mercury at maximum elongation31st Jan 2014

Mercury will be at maximum elongation (East). Mercury will be its furthest distance from the Sun as seen from Earth and this will be the ideal time to view it.

February
Jupiter at opposition14th Feb 2014Jupiter and Earth will be at their closest distance from one another. Jupiter will also be fully illuminated by the Sun making this the ideal time to observe it. This phase occurs at 23:53 UTC.

Full Moon14th Feb 2014

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 04:52 UTC.

The Moon occults Saturn21st Feb 2014

The Moon occults Saturn for the observers of Indian ocean at UT 22:18.

March
New Moon1st Mar 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 08:00 UTC.

Mercury at Maximum Elongation14th Mar 2014

Mercury will be at maximum elongation (West). Mercury will be its furthest distance from the Sun as seen from Earth and this will be the ideal time to view it.

Full Moon16th Mar 2014

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 17:08 UTC.

The Moon occults Saturn21th Mar 2014

The Moon occults Saturn for the observers of South Atlantic at UT 3:18.

Venus at Maximum Elongation22nd Mar 2014

Venus will be at maximum elongation. Venus will be its furthest distance from the Sun as seen from Earth and this will be the ideal time to view it.

New Moon30th Mar 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 18:45 UTC.

April
Mars at Opposition8th Apr 2014

Mars and Earth will be at their closest distance from one another. The magnitude of Mars will be -1.5 and the red planet will also be fully illuminated by the Sun making this the ideal time to observe it.

Full Moon15th Apr 2014

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 07:42 UTC.

The Moon occults Saturn17th Apr 2014

The Moon occults Saturn for the observers of South America at UT 07:19.

Lunar eclipse15th Apr 2014

The Moon will cross into the Earth's shadow creating a total lunar eclipse. The lunar eclipse will be visible from North and South America, Australia and New Zealand.

Lyrid meteor shower21-22 Apr 2014

Lyrid is a medium intensity meteor shower. It usually produces about 20 meteors per hour in its peak. The shower will peak on 21-22 April but some meteors will be visible between 16 to 25th April. Meteors seems to radiate from the constellation Lyra.

New Moon29th Apr 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 06:14 UTC.

Annular Solar Eclipse29th Apr 2014

On 29th April 2014, an annular solar eclipse will take place. The annular solar eclipse will be visible from Australia, southern Indian Ocean and part of Antarctica. The partial solar eclipse will be visible from Antarctica and Australia. A solar eclipse take place when Moon passes between Sun and Earth and shadow of moon totally or partially obscures Sun for a viewer on Earth.

May
Eta Aquarid meteor shower5-6 May 2014

Eta Aquarid is a low intensity meteor shower. It usually produces about 10 meteors per hour in its peak. The shower will peak on 5-6 May. Meteors seems to radiate from the constellation Aquarius.

Closest Lunar apogee6th May 2014

The closest lunar apogee of 2014 occurs at 10:23 UT with a distance of 404,318 km.

Saturn at Opposition10th May 2014

Saturn and Earth will be at their closest distance from one another with +0.1 magnitude. Saturn will also be fully illuminated by the Sun making this the ideal time to observe it.

The Moon occults Saturn14th May 2014

The Moon occults Saturn for the observers of Australia and New Zealand at UT 12:18.

Full Moon14th May 2014

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 19:16 UTC.

Sun at Maximum Elongation25th May 2014

Mercury will be at maximum elongation. Sun will be its furthest distance from the Sun as seen from Earth and this will be the ideal time to view it.

New Moon28th May 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 18:40 UTC.

June
Conjunction of the Moon and Mars7th Jun 2014

The Moon will pass within 2o of Mars in the evening sky.

The Moon occults Saturn10th Jun 2014

The Moon occults Saturn for the observers of Indian Ocean at UT 18:48.

Full Moon13th Jun 2014

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 04:11 UTC.

New Moon27th Jun 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 08:08 UTC.

July
The Moon occults Mars6th Jul 2014

The Moon occults Mars for the observers of South America at UT 01:21.

The Moon occults Saturn8th Jul 2014

The Moon occults Saturn for the observers of Argentina and Chile at UT 02:25.

Full Moon12th Jul 2014

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 11:25 UTC.

Mercury at Maximum Elongation12th Jul 2014

Mercury will be at maximum elongation. Mercury will be its furthest distance from the Sun as seen from Earth and this will be the ideal time to view it.

New Moon26th Jul 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 22:42 UTC.

Farthest Lunar apogee of 201428th Jul 2014

Farthest Lunar apogee of 2014 at 3:28 UT with the Moon at a distance of 406,568 km.

South Delta Aquarids meteor shower28-29th Jul 2014

This is a medium intensity meteor shower with about 20 meteors per hour at peak. These meteors will come out from constellation Aquarius.

August
The Moon occults Saturn4th Aug 2014

The Moon occults Saturn for the observers of Australia at UT 10:31.

The closest lunar perigee of 201410th Aug 2014

The closest lunar perigee of 2014 at 17:44 UT with the Moon at 356,896 km distance.

Super Moon10th Aug 2014

Super Moon

Full Moon10th Aug 2014

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 18:09 UTC.

Perseid meteor shower12-13th Aug 2014

Perseids are one of the strong meteor showers. It produce up to 60 meteors per hour at peak hours. Radiant point of this shower is in the constellation Perseus. These meteors originate from the tail of comet Swift-Tuttle.

Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter18th Aug 2014

Venus and Jupiter will be within quarter of a degree.

New Moon25th Aug 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 14:13 UTC.

Neptune at Opposition29th Aug 2014

Neptune and Earth will be at their closest distance from one another. Neptune will also be fully illuminated by the Sun making this the ideal time to observe it. Neptune will be brightest at 14:00 UT with +7.8 magnitude.

September
Full Moon9th Sep 2014

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 01:38 UTC.

Mercury at Maximum Elongation21st Sep 2014

Mercury will be at maximum elongation. Mercury will be its furthest distance from the Sun as seen from Earth and this will be the ideal time to view it.

NASA's MAVEN is scheduled to enter Martian orbit22nd Sep 2014

NASA's MAVEN or Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution Mission is scheduled to enter Martian orbit.

India's Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) is scheduled to enter Martian orbit24th Sep 2014

India's Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM, also known as Mangalyaan-1) is scheduled to enter Martian orbit.

New Moon24th Sep 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 06:14 UTC.

October
Uranus at Opposition7th Oct 2014

Uranus and Earth will be at their closest distance from one another. Uranus will also be fully illuminated by the Sun making this the ideal time to observe it.

Full Moon8th Oct 2014

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 10:51 UTC.

Total Lunar Eclipse8th Oct 2014

The Moon will cross into the Earth's shadow creating a total lunar eclipse. The lunar eclipse will be visible from North and South America, eastern Asia, Australia and New Zealand.

Comet PanSTARRS will be at closest distance from Earth14th Oct 2014

Comet PanSTARRS will be at closest distance from Earth. Its expected intensity should be +5 magnitude.

Comet C/2013 A1 Siding Spring passes just 7' from the planet Mars19th Oct 2014

Comet C/2013 A1 Siding Spring passes just 7' from the planet Mars.

Orionid meteor shower21-22 Oct 2014

Orionid is a medium intensity meteor shower and one can see about 25 meteors per hour.

Moon occults Mercury22th Oct 2014

Moon occults Mercury for the observers of Australia.

New Moon23th Oct 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 21:57 UTC.

Annular solar eclipse23th Oct 2014

The annular solar eclipse will be visible from North America. A solar eclipse take place when Moon passes between Sun and Earth and shadow of Moon totally or partially obscures Sun for a viewer on Earth.

The Moon occults Saturn25th Oct 2014

The Moon occults Saturn for the observers of Northern Atlantic at UT 15:43.

November
Mercury at Maximum Elongation1st Nov 2014

Mercury will be at maximum elongation. Mercury will be its furthest distance from the Sun as seen from Earth and this will be the ideal time to view it.

Full Moon6th Nov 2014

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 22:23 UTC.

Leonids meteor shower17-18th Nov 2014

Annual event of Leonid meteor shower can be seen on 16-17th November. Leonid meteor shower is visible towards the constellation Leo, the Lion. During Leonid meteor shower, Earth will pass through a stream of debris which is left behind by comet Tempel-Tuttle.

New Moon22th Nov 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 12:32 UTC.

The farthest lunar perigee27th Nov 2014

The farthest lunar perigee at 23:12 UT with Moon distance of 369,824 km.

December
Full Moon6th Dec 2014

Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 12:27 UTC.

Geminids meteor shower13-14th Dec 2014

Geminids meteor shower is a strong meteor shower. Annual event of Geminids meteor shower take place on 13-14th December but some meteors will be visible between 6 to 19th December. For many observers, geminid is the best meteor shower. It can produce 60-80 meteors per hour at its peak.

New Moon22th Dec 2014

Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 01:36 UTC.

Ursids meteor shower22-23 Dec 2014

Ursids meteor shower is a medium intensity meteor shower. Ursids meteor shower peaks on 22-23 December. It usually produces 5-10 meteors per hour but occasionally it can produce about 100 meteors per hour.

Terminology

Aphelion: Farthest position of a planet from the Sun.

Perihelion: Closest position of a planet from the Sun.

Apogee: the position of the Moon farthest from Earth.

Perigee: the position of the Moon closest from Earth.

Superior Conjunction: Venus or Mercury is on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth.

Inferior Conjunction: Venus or Mercury is between the Earth and Sun.

Greatest elongation: elongation is the angle between the Sun and a planet as seen from Earth, during eastern elongation, the planet appears as an evening star, during western elongation, the planet appears as a morning star.

Opposition: position in the orbit of a planet when opposites the Sun as seen from Earth.

Conjunction: position in the orbit of a planet when appears closer to the Sun as seen from Earth.

Occultation: Moon occults or eclipses a planet or a star.

Full moon and New moon: 2013 2014 2015 2016

Meteor shower calendar

Apogee and Perigee of moon: 2013 2014 2015 2016

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